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Top London Attractions, Most Popular London Attractions

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Monument to the Great Fire of London

The Monument to the Great Fire of London was erected in the center of the City of London to commemorate the flames that destroyed much of the city in 1666. The monument, which locals call simply “Monument” for short, is a Romanesque Doric column with a height of 61.57 meters. This figure is by no means accidental. It was at this distance from the monument that the store of Thomas Farinor, the royal baker, was located, from where the destructive fire began. The monument, the construction of which lasted from 1671 to 1677, is today the tallest stone column in the world.

Leading British architect Christopher Wren was commissioned to build the Great Fire of London Monument. Initially, the monument was conceived as a column crowned with a statue of King Charles II, but the judicious monarch decided that in this case his name would be forever associated with the great fire. Therefore, the column is adorned with a gilded urn, from which glare of flame breaks out.

311 steps of a spiral staircase leading to the top of the monument. Above is an observation deck, enclosed by a cage, which the London authorities were forced to install in the middle of the 19th century after several people committed suicide by throwing themselves down from the top of the monument.

The base of the monument is decorated with Latin texts on three sides. On the north side, there is a story about how the fire started, what damage it caused to the city, and how the flames were extinguished. On the south side is what King Charles II did after the fire. And on the east side is the history of the monument itself. 

The west side is decorated with a sculpture depicting the ruined City and King Charles II with his brother James, Duke of York, surrounded by Liberty, Architecture, and Science. The construction of the column cost the treasury £ 13,450. In addition, £ 790.00 was spent on eliminating traffic around the column. Now this area is pedestrianized.

Contact:  Monument str., London, +44 (0) 207 626 2717
Main Building : 9.30 am – 5.30 pm (last admission at 5 pm)

Cost: £5.40 per ticket for adults, child ticket – £2.70


How to get there: Monument metro station (District or Circle lines) or London Bridge station (Northern or Jubilee lines).

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Gardens, which is simply called Kew Gardens for simplicity, is 121 hectares of gardens and greenhouses in southwest London. This is not only one of the most exotic and enjoyable places in London, where it is pleasant even to just walk on a weekend but also a local attraction, which is visited by about 2 million people annually.

In addition, there is also a world-class research center, which employs almost 700 people, including scientists and researchers.

The Kew Botanical Gardens collection contains over 30,000 plant species and the herbarium contains approximately 7 million specimens. This is one of the largest collections of living plants in the world.  

The Kew Gardens Library contains over 750,000 volumes and approximately 175,000 plant illustrations.

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Contact:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB
Phone : +44 (0) 20 8332 5655 
www.kew.org

Working hours: 9:30 am to 5:30 pm 
Summer timetable (March 27 – August 29): weekdays 9: 30-18: 30
Weekends and public holidays: 9: 30-19: 30

Cost (2011): Adult ticket – £ 13.90
Children (under 17): free

How to get to Kew Royal Botanic Gardens:
The nearest tube station is Kew Gardens (District Line)

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Whenever you arrive, you will have something to admire. Kew Gardens are made up of greenhouses, garden buildings, pavilions, museums, and lakes. In addition to rare plant varieties, charming lawns and parks, Kew Gardens also features buildings that are sure to pique your interest:

Alpine house

The Alpine House, opened in March 2006, is the third version of the Alpine House since 1887. Alpine plants need cool air and sun rays are contraindicated. Therefore, the new Alpine home is equipped with a cooling system that lets a continuous flow of cold air onto the plants.

Chokushi-mon

Chokushi -Mon was built for the Japanese-British Exhibition in 1910 and transported to Kew in 1911.

This is a reconstruction of the gate to Nishi Hongan-Ji Temple in Kyoto, which is 140 meters from the Pagoda and is surrounded by traditional Japanese gardens.

Kew Palace

Kew Palace is considered the smallest royal palace in Britain. Built-in 1631, it was later bought by King George III. The brick building is a Flemish-style brick building with alternating long and short sides and a gabled roof.

Behind the building is the Royal Garden, where all the plants are varieties that have survived to this day from the 17th century. Among them is a collection of plants with medicinal properties. The Kew Palace building was refurbished and opened to the public in 2006. Today, this is the only place in Kew Gardens that requires a separate ticket.

 Minka House

After the 2001 Japan Festival, Kew acquired a Japanese wooden house called the Minka. The original of this house was built around 1900 in the vicinity of Okazaki. Japanese craftsmen assembled the frame, and British builders who worked on the Globe Theater added clay wall panels.

Mink’s house is located in the Bamboo Collection, in the central part of the gardens. 

Marianne North Gallery

The Marianne North Gallery is undoubtedly one of the most exotic locations in Kew Gardens. It was built in the 1880s especially for Marianne North, practically the only woman who at that time traveled a lot alone, traveled to North and South America and Asia, where she worked and wrote. The gallery contains 832 works by the artist, who left them with the Garden Kew gallery on one condition: the arrangement of the paintings in the gallery should not have been disturbed.

The wooden beams at the bottom of the walls in the gallery are made from different types of wood. Moreover, this is a tree that the artist brought with her from her travels.

The Marianne North Gallery opened in 2009 after the restoration of the paintings and the building.

Chinese Pagoda

In the southeastern part of Kew Gardens is the Pagoda, built-in 1762 by Sir William Chambers. The design of the Pagoda is an imitation of the Chinese Ta. The pagoda consists of 10 octagonal block floors. The lowest of them is 15 meters in diameter. The height of the structure is 50 meters.

Each floor, in Chinese style, ends with a roof covered with ceramic tiles and decorated with dragons. It is believed that they were made of gold and sold by George IV for debts. However, in reality, the dragons were wooden, painted with gold paint, and simply rotted over time.  The walls of the building are made of bricks. A staircase with 253 steps is laid in the center of the building.

During the Second World War, holes were made in each floor through which simulated bombs were thrown. The pagoda was closed to the public for a long time and reopened its doors in the summer of 2006

History of Kew Gardens

Established in 1759, the botanical garden recently celebrated its 250th anniversary. It takes its origins from an exotic garden in Kew Park, created by Lord Tukesbury. The Gardens were subsequently enlarged and redesigned by Augusta, Princess Dowager of Wales. It was at her direction that the famous architect William Chambers built several magnificent garden buildings, of which only five have survived to this day. One of them is the Chinese Pagoda, built-in 1761.

In 1781, George III purchased the neighboring house, a brick building that was supposed to be used for the royal children. Today it is known as the  Kew Palace.

At first, the collection of plants in the gardens grew and multiplied absolutely spontaneously, but already in 1771, it was taken up in earnest, having appointed Francis Mason as the managing collector. And in 1840, Kew Gardens was awarded the status of a national botanical garden.

In the second half of the 19th century, first, the Palm House was built, and then the House of the Temperate Climate Zone, which today is the largest Victorian Greenhouse in the world.

And in 2003, Kew Gardens became part of the UNESCO heritage.

Tower of London

The Tower of London is one of the most popular attractions in London, a symbol of the city that is always heard. Built-in 1080 by William the Conqueror and used as a fortress, palace, and prison. 

In addition to external inspection, the Tower Museum is also noteworthy. One of the main reasons to visit it is to see the Royal Jewelry collection, which contains 23,578 items, including the world-famous royal diamonds. Here you will also find out who dared to try to steal jewelry in 1671, and how this attempt ended.

At Tower Prison, scores of prisoners have been beheaded and the prison exhibit features the sad stories of famous personalities such as Anne Boleyn, Edward V, Guy Fawkes, and Sir Thomas More. Tower Prison’s history continued throughout both World Wars.

All in all, the Tower has a lot to see: the armor of Henry VIII, the instruments of torture, the traitor’s gates, and the Yeoman Guard. 

In addition, you have a chance to attend the famous “Key Ceremony “. To do this, you just need to send your application in advance.

Tower of London opening hours :


November – March:
Tuesday-Saturday 9:00 am – 4:30 pm
Sunday / Mon. 10:00 – 16:30

March – October: 
Tuesday-Saturday 9:00 am – 5:30 pm
Sunday / Mon. 10:00 – 17:30

The Tower is closed December 24-26 and January 1

Prices :
Adult ticket – £29.90
Child ticket (5-15) – £14.90
Students – Not sure

How to get to the Tower of London :
The nearest tube station is Tower Hill (Circle and District lines). After exiting the metro, follow the signs for Tower. Alternatively, the Tower can be reached on foot from the DLR Tower Gateway station.

Contacts : 0844 482 7799

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey for tourists is a fine example of Western architecture, a masterpiece of early English Gothic, a church with the tallest nave in England, and a pantheon where you can see the tombs of the most famous figures of Great Britain.

For the British themselves, Westminster Abbey, or, as it is officially called the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster, is of much greater importance, over the long years of its existence it has become practically a symbol of the nation, its unity, and goals.

After all, it is here that British monarchs have been crowned for the past 600 years, it is here that the burials of most of them are located. And since the 17th century, other famous figures of England have been buried here, among them poets, writers, scientists, actors, and politicians.

Here are the burial places of Queen Mary Stuart, Queen Elizabeth I, Shakespeare, Dickens and Newton, Browning, Handel, and the actor Garik, as well as many others. For poets, a separate corner is set aside, which is called “Poets’ Corner”. In addition to the ashes of the deceased writers, there are memorial plaques and monuments to many of them.

We talk about the history of Westminster Abbey, then it has its roots in the distant past when in 1065 King Edward the Confessor (Edward the Confessor) built an abbey on this site. From the first building, only its display on the famous Tapestry from Bayeux has survived. However, it was during this period that the first coronation took place here. Officially, this is the coronation of King William I the Conqueror, a record of which was preserved in the book of the Abbey, however, it is believed that even before him, in 1066, King Harold, who was later defeated by him, was crowned here.

The abbey owes its present appearance, first of all, to King Henry III, who continued its construction in 1245, despite the fact that the work continued until 1745, and even the famous British architect Christopher Wren took part in them. The main part of the building, in the Gothic style, was completed between 1245 and 1272. However, later such large elements as the Chapel of Henry VII (1503-1512) and the Western Towers (1745) were completed. And the newest part of the Abbey, the northern entrance, dates back to the 19th century.

The abbey as such ceased to exist already in the 16th century. From the destruction that awaited all active monasteries in the era of the Reformation, he was saved only by his involvement in the life of the royal family. It was then that the Abbey building became a school while becoming one of the very first colleges in the UK, along with Cambridge and Oxford. At the same time, royal persons continued to be crowned and buried in the church building.

If we talk about the architecture of Westminster Abbey, then it has strongly pronounced features of French Gothic, which differs from English Gothic architecture. That is why the nave of the church turned out to be the highest in England, which was characterized by lower cathedrals. The shape of the building is reminiscent of the Gothic cathedrals of France.

However, the design of the façade is reminiscent of the true origins of the church. The sculpture, which is characteristic of all Gothic cathedrals built in mainland Europe, is completely absent here. Instead of rich ornaments, very fine stone carvings are used. In addition, there is no large carved window on the main facade, which we can observe on the facades of large French cathedrals. True, such windows, which were also called roses, are on the rear facades of Westminster Abbey.

Unfortunately, the architecture of the abbey has not come down to us in its original form. The appearance of the building has undergone major and unjustified changes in the course of numerous restoration work.

That is why the interior of Westminster Abbey is especially valuable. Inside, it seems unexpectedly large, tall and airy. The use of yellow marble, high arches, and huge windows with stained-glass windows make the room spacious and light.

Despite the fact that the western part belongs to a much earlier era than the eastern one, they look very organic. Indeed, unlike most cathedrals, the western part of the abbey, dating back to the 11th century and built in a heavy Romanesque style, was rebuilt in the 15th century in an earlier Gothic style, in which the Eastern Part, dating from the 13th century, was made, and not in the style characteristic of the 15th century. …

Westminster AbbeyContact:

20 Dean’s Yard, London SW1P 3PA
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7222 5152, www.westminster-abbey.org
Hours:
Main Building: Mon.-Fri. except Wednesday 9.30 – 16.30
(last admission at 15.30), Wednesday 9.30 – 19.00, Saturday 9.30 – 14.30,
June – September – last admission at 3:30, Sunday – closed for visits

Chapter building:

Monday – Saturday 10.30 – 16.00

Abbey Museum:

Monday – Saturday 10.30 – 16.00
(Schedule is better to specify in advance, like Westminster Abbey – a functioning church, and schedule subject to change)

The most convenient way to visit Westminster Abbey is with a guide. You can join a group tour.

Cost: adult ticket – £ 16, child ticket (11-18 years old) – £ 6, up to 11 years old – free when accompanied by adults
How to get there: Westminster metro station

Globus theatre

The Globe Theater in London is not just a tourist attraction, it is a working theater with a studio producing Shakespeare’s plays. But you can see them through the eyes of the great playwright’s contemporaries. After all, the theater building is an exact reconstruction of the first Globe, built on the same site, on the south bank of the Thames, in 1599.

Contacts: 21 New Globe Walk, Bankside, London, SE1 9DT
Phone: +44 (0) 20 7902 1400

Exhibition opening hours: Monday – Sunday 9: 00-17: 30 (this schedule may change during the theater season)

Cost (viewing of the exposition and a tour of the Globus Theater): Adult ticket – £ 11
Child ticket (5-15 years old) – £ 7

How to get there: Nearest tube stations: Mansion House (District or Circle lines) – 10 minutes walk to the theater, London Bridge (Northern or Jubilee lines) – 10 minutes walk to the theater, St Paul’s (Central line) – 15 minutes walk to the theater.

Londoners at that time already loved theatrical art, however, theaters were built outside the City of London, since the city authorities, who were distinguished by a conservative attitude and puritanism, did not share and did not approve of this love. The theater was built by the famous English troupe Lord Chamberlain’s Men not without the participation of William Shakespeare, who by that time was one of the troupe’s shareholders.

London Globe Theater

The first theater building lasted only 14 years. In 1613, on June 29, it was destroyed by a fire that broke out in the theater during the play “Henry VIII”. The thatched roof caught fire from the cannon shot provided for by the staging action. The Globe Building burned down. During the same period, Shakespeare stopped writing his plays. The globe was rebuilt in 1614, a year after the fire. In 1642, along with other London theaters, the Globe was closed by the Puritans. And in 1644 it was completely razed to the ground.

And we would not have seen the theater as the audience of the Shakespeare era saw it, if it were not for the American actor Sam Wanamaker, who created a special fund for the restoration of the theater. More than 40 million pounds and about 10 years have been spent and the theater reopened its doors in 1997.

It is located just 230 meters from the place where the first Globe stood and is as close to the original as possible in its structure. During the construction of the new “Globus” materials were used that replicate the original as much as possible: these are oak, clay, and straw.

By the way, an exception was made for the theater. After all, in fire-prone London, after 1666, it was not allowed to erect buildings with a thatched roof. Naturally, the straw in the Globus was impregnated with a special substance, so the theater fully complies with modern fire safety rules, while being as similar as possible to its predecessor.

There are no spotlights and artificial lighting in the Globus Theater, so all performances are given in the daylight, as in the old days. No speakers, amplifiers, or microphones are used. In addition, as in the 16th century, there are no chairs in the stalls, the audience is forced to stand. Indeed, in theaters of the 16th century, only aristocrats and wealthy spectators sat. Lodges along the wall of the theater and the upper gallery were made for them. For the noblest persons, stools were installed right next to the stage. Commoners stood on the earthen floor in the stalls. That is why it is still not known exactly how many seats the theater was designed for. In different sources, this number varies from 1200 to 3000 people.

The roof over the modern theater is only partially. This is also no coincidence. This is exactly what Shakespeare’s Globe looked like. However, taking into account that there were no “conveniences” in theaters at that time, and free morals made it possible to relieve themselves right in the middle of the auditorium, the absence of a roof is far from a disadvantage.

It was possible to locate the first theater Globus quite accurately, as well as its layout, but its size has not yet been precisely determined.

Thanks to the research carried out, it was possible to find out that the Globe was built like an amphitheater, consisting of three tiers. Initially, it was assumed that the theater was round, but research has proven that it was a polygon with 18 or 20 sides.

Along the wall were lodged for the nobility and above them galleries, in which the rich people of London could watch the performance while sitting. On the ground, the audience was forced to stand. By the way, for this, they had to pay 1 penny.

The proscenium was about 1.5 meters above the ground. It had one, or maybe more, hatches through which the actors entered the stage. There was no curtain. But there was a ceiling above the stage, painted with clouds or stars and representing the heavens. There was also a hatch in the ceiling.

Nowadays, you can watch the performance at the Globus Theater only in summer. The theater opens at the end of April and runs until autumn.

However, you can look at the building itself and the exposition dedicated to the reconstruction of the theater every day.

Parliament building

The House of Parliament is one of London’s most popular landmarks. The Parliament of Great Britain is the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

The task of parliament is to oversee the work of the government, approve new laws, participate in political discussions and resolve current issues.

The Palace of Westminster, which houses the Parliament, is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It rises with its pointed towers on the banks of the River Thames, being the undisputed decoration of the city and attracting millions of tourists every year. In addition, the Houses of Parliament are home to numerous stories that are part of London life.

Until 1529, Westminster Palace was used as the capital residence of the English kings.

After a fire in 1834, the building was rebuilt in a neo-gothic style.

In addition to the famous towers, the palace has 1200 rooms, 100 stairs, and about 5 km of corridors and passages.

The iconic Big Ben bell clock crowns the 96-meter tower, which is open to UK residents by prior arrangement. Tourists, unfortunately, are not allowed to climb the 393 steps to the top of the tower.

A tourist can only watch the parliament at work from a public gallery during a meeting or take a couple of great shots outside.

Opening hours of the Houses of Parliament in London : 

July / August
Mon, Tuesday, Friday, Saturday – 9.15-16.30
Wednesday and Thursday – 1.15-16.30

September: 
Mon., Friday, Saturday – 9.15-16.30
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday – 1.15-16.30

Prices :
Adult ticket – £ 12
Seed ticket – £ 30

Child ticket (5-16) – £ 5

How to get to the Houses of Parliament in London: Westminster tube station, tourist bus stop

Contacts: 0870 906 3773

Wembley Stadium

The most fanatical, the most aggressive, the most loyal are all about English football fans. Football for the British is almost a cult. Not surprisingly, the UK’s largest stadium, Wembley Stadium in London, is more than just an arena for games, it is the legend and pride of England.

However, Wembley really has something to be proud of. It is the second-largest stadium in Europe. It can accommodate 90,000 people. A distinctive feature of the stadium is the retractable roof. In case of bad weather, it moves out in just 15 minutes, covering most of the stadium.

It is thanks to this roof that Wembley still became “the best”. Today, it is the largest stadium in Europe where fans can sit under a roof. The roof itself is supported by a rounded arch that can be seen from afar, and which attracts the attention of all visitors to London passing by. After all, its height is 140 meters, and its length is 315 meters.

New Wembley is also the most expensive stadium. It cost the treasury 792 million pounds, and the construction itself was delayed for 6 years. Work began in 200, and the official opening of the new stadium took place on March 17, 2007.

However, the history of the stadium began even earlier, in the 20s of the last century. Old Wembley, on the site of which is now a modern stadium, was built in 1923 and held 80,000 spectators. Games of the England national team were held here, as well as exhibitions and concerts. Old Wembley was officially called the  Empire Stadium.

Over the long years of its existence, the stadium has been modernized and completed several times. It hosted such important sporting events as the 1948 Olympics final (in which Sweden beat Yugoslavia 3-1), the 1966 World Cup final (in which England became champion by beating West Germany 4-2), the 1968 European Cup final year (in which Manchester United won), and, of course, the European Championship in 1996.

However, the new century required new solutions, and instead of modernizing the stadium again, in 2000, it was decided to demolish it completely and build a new one on the same site.

The construction and design work was entrusted to two companies, Foster & Partners and HOK Sports.

It is thanks to their work that Wembley became what we know him to be. The building is round in glass and aluminum, with a retractable roof that weighs about 7 tons. 3 tiers are located in a single viewing area, 2 giant screens on which spectators can also watch the progress of the match.

The builders have tried to recreate the famous acoustics of old Wembley. The voices of the fans sounded especially loud within the walls of the stadium. The royal box was also rebuilt. Therefore, the players still have to climb the stairs to get the awards.

The stadium is owned by the Football Association. It hosts football and rugby games, as well as various music festivals and concerts. In addition, the new stadium has been adapted to host athletics competitions. The lower rows are covered with a platform that provides ample space for the athletes but reduces the seating capacity to 60,000. However, while the stadium has never been used for such competitions.

In 2012, during the London Olympics, Wembley Stadium will host the final games of the soccer teams.

Wembley Stadium is one of the ten largest and most visited stadiums in Europe. In addition to him, the ranking also includes the Bernabeu in Madrid, Camp Nou in Barcelona, ​​Stamford Bridge in England, San Siro in Italy, and others.

Contacts:  Wembley Arena, Wembley Stadium Complex, Empire Way, London HA9 0DW
Phone:  +44 (0) 844 980 8001, www.wembleystadium.com
How to get there: Wembley Park Tube Station (Metropolitan / Jubilee lines) / Wembley Central (Bakerloo line ). Train to Wembley Stadium Station

St Paul’s Cathedral

St Paul’s Cathedral is an Anglican Cathedral erected in honor of the Apostle Paul. The Cathedral is considered one of the most notable and famous landmarks in London. From 1710 to 1962, St Paul’s Cathedral was considered the tallest building in London. Its height is 111 meters (365 feet), and the dome of the cathedral is still considered one of the tallest in the world.

Contact:  The Chapter House, St Paul’s Churchyard, London, EC4M 8AD
Phone : +44 (0) 20 7246 8350
www.stpauls.co.uk

Working hours:

 The cathedral is open to visitors from Monday to Saturday from 8:30 to 16:30 (ticket office closes at 16:00)

Cost (2011): Adult ticket – £ 14.50
Students: £ 13.50
Children (6-18): £ 5.50

How to get to St Paul’s Cathedral in London:


The nearest tube station is St Paul’s (Central Line). The cathedral is a 2-minute walk from the station.

In terms of squares, St Paul’s Cathedral is the second largest church in Britain after Liverpool Cathedral.

The cathedral is located on Ludgate Hill, which is considered the highest point in the oldest City of London. St. Paul’s Cathedral is today the seat of the London Bishop.

The building you see in London today was built in the 17th century by the architect Christopher Wren. It is believed to be the fifth St Paul’s Cathedral in London.

The first Cathedral was built on the same site in 604 but was destroyed by fire 70 years later.

The second Cathedral was built on the site of the first one already of stone in 685. It was destroyed by the Vikings during another raid on London 3 centuries later, in 961.

The third cathedral, built-in 962, just like the first, burned down in 1087.

The fourth cathedral was founded in 1087 but was consecrated only in 1240. It burned down during the Great Fire of London, which destroyed almost the entire city in 1666.

On the site of this fourth Cathedral, which was not subject to restoration, the present-day St. Paul’s Cathedral was built. The construction was completed in 1708, but services in the Cathedral actually began already in 1697. 

History of the Construction of St. Paul’s Cathedral

The architect Ren, who was entrusted with the work on St. Paul’s Cathedral, was previously responsible for the design of more than 50 other churches. However, working on St. Paul was not easy. The cathedral went through five major stages of design development. The first ones survived only in the form of separate sketches and model details.

It is believed that the original scheme consisted of a circular domed entrance hallway and a rectangular basilica at the back. Wren’s second design turned the Cathedral into a Greek Cross, which, according to critics, turned out to be an overly radical decision.

The third proposal of the architect largely retained the concept of the Greek cross but had a more elongated nave. It was this design that was made in the form of a model, made of oak and plaster. The model cost more than £ 500 at the time (about £ 32,000 today) and was over 4 meters high and 6 meters long. However, members of the committee appointed to oversee the rebuilding of the temple, and members of the clergy felt that this model was too different from the existing churches in England.

After his favorite model was rejected, Ren decided not to waste more time, showing his creativity to “incompetent judges”. The fourth design was intended to “reconcile” the Gothic style that prevailed in the architecture of most English churches with “better architecture.” Elements of the Renaissance were integrated into the Gothic style, which, according to Ren, could be considered the most harmonious style.

At the same time, the building itself was turned not towards the east, but towards the sunrise on Easter in the year when construction began.

The final design is still different from the fourth. After receiving permission from the king to make some changes to the ornament, Ren gave free rein to his imagination. Many of these changes took place over the 30 years that the cathedral was being built.

Kensington Palace

Kensington Palace is one of the smallest and most modest Palaces in England. In terms of its fame, however, it is not inferior even to the modern royal residence.

This is where Queen Victoria was born. Her life-size memorial is in the garden in front of the palace. They say that here the 18-year-old princess learned about the death of her uncle and about her accession to the throne.

In addition, it was this palace that was considered the residence of Princess Diana until her death in 1997. Until now, many fans of the princess bring flowers to the gates of Kensington Palace. Kensington Palace has traditionally been the residence of the younger offspring of the ruling dynasty. Today, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and the Duke and Duchess of Kent formally reside here. Prince Harry and his cousin Zara also use the Palace unofficially.

Despite this, the Palace is open to the public and is even very popular among tourists. Indeed, in addition to the internal premises, some of which have been preserved intact since the death of Queen Mary I in the 16th century, it is here that you can see the personal collection of the Queen’s paintings and a unique collection of ceremonial clothes of the Royal family from 1750 to the present day.

By the way, it was Kensington Palace that Peter I once visited.

Contact:

K ensington Palace State Apartments, Kensington Gardens, London, W84PX Phone: +44 (0) 20 3166 6000, www.hrp.org.uk Hours: 1 March – 3 September: 10: 00-18: 00 ( tickets sold until 17:00), October 1 – February 28: 10: 00-17: 00 (tickets sold until 4:00 pm) Cost: adult ticket – £ 12.50, child ticket – £ 6.25 How to get there: High Street Kensington Subway Station (District or Circle line) – 10-15 minutes walk from the station

Avenue of stars

The Avenue of Stars is the London counterpart of the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The avenue opened in 2005 with hundreds of famous names.

Avenue of the Stars in London is an alley that runs through Covent Garden and St Paul’s Church. By the way, this particular church is called the “Church of Actors” in another way. Each celebrity is represented by a five-pointed star. And the names of all the participants are indicated in the alley.

By the way, only celebrities from Great Britain, Ireland, or the Commonwealth of Nations have the right to be represented on the London Walk of Stars.

The first star to leave her name on Avenue of Stars was Jimmy Page, guitarist for Led Zeppelin.

In 2006, all stars were removed from Star Avenue to avoid rapid wear and tear. Today only old flags can be seen in the courtyard.

How to get to Avenue of the Stars in London:
The nearest tube station is Covent Garden or Leicester Square (Leicester Square station is preferred during rush hour as there is no wide escalator at Covent Garden station)

Ferris wheel

London Eye / London Eye / London Eye is a Ferris wheel on the banks of the Thames, which has become one of the symbols of the city and one of the favorite attractions of London. The wheel was launched in March 2000, becoming a metaphor reflecting the turn of the century.

The London Eye reaches 135 meters in height and weighs 2,100 tons.

32 capsule cabins move slowly at a speed of 26 cm per second. Each full circle of the wheel takes 30 minutes. All this time you can enjoy a wonderful view stretching for 40 km in all directions. (It should be noted that visibility depends on weather conditions).

One of the most popular paid attractions in London and the UK, the London Eye is visited by over 3.5 million people a year.

In addition to standard tickets, the Ferris wheel offers many different special offers.

London Eye opening hours :
October – May 10.00 – 20.00
June – 10.00 – 21.00
July – 10.00 – 21.30
September – 10.00 – 21.00
Closed: Christmas and 11-20 January

Prices :
Adult ticket – £ 18.90
Child ticket (4-15 years old) – £ 11.25

Family of 4 – £ 52.15

How to get to the London Eye: The Ferris wheel can be reached on foot from several tube stations: Waterloo, Embankment, Charing Cross, and Westminster. Waterloo – closest station

Contacts : +44 (0) 871 781 3000, www.londoneye.com

Piccadilly Circus

Piccadilly Circus is one of the largest road junctions in central London. The word Circus, which we know primarily as a circus, in this case, is translated as “circle”. The circle is the typical arrangement of road junctions and intersections in England.

Piccadilly Square was created in 1819 and connected 2 streets, Piccadilly and the famous shopping street, Regent Street. Later, towards the end of the century, Shaftesbury Street was added to them.
From its inception to the present day, Piccadilly Circus and the surrounding streets are the busiest in central London. After all, they are in the heart of London’s famous “Theater District” and close to shopping malls, restaurants, and London’s main attractions.

The very same Piccadilly Street, stretching from the eponymous square to Hyde Park, was popular at the end of the last century, during the time of Charles Dickens, who described it in this way.

Piccadilly Circus is considered a landmark in its own right, thanks in large part to its rich surroundings: it houses the Criterion Theater, Shaftesbury Memorial, London Pavilion, and several large shops. The legendary Soho district with its many restaurants and nightclubs begins just outside the Square.

The Shaftesbury Memorial is a statue and a fountain, near which young couples and tourists straying from the group routinely make appointments. It was created in honor of Lord Shaftesbury, who became famous primarily for his charitable activities. The statue at the top of the memorial is considered to be the image of Eros (or Cupid), the god of love, due to its nudity and traditional attribute, the bow. However, according to the architect’s idea, the statue depicts Antieross, personifying, in contrast to his twin brother Eros, a mature and deep love.

In addition to the statue, the whole world will remember Piccadilly Circus for its characteristic billboards,  neon advertisements that illuminate the surrounding streets at any time of the day. Until 1990, billboards surrounded the Square on all sides. Today they are located only on one building, which is usually called Monico, in honor of the cafe of the same name, which was located here earlier. Six advertising panels change quite rarely, the oldest of them is the Sanyo advertisement, which appeared here already in 1980.

Neon lights are only turned off on special occasions, such as the deaths of Princess Diana, Winston Churchill, and the Lights Out London campaign.

Over the years, Piccadilly Circus has appeared in many films, songs, and books. And the locals say that if you stand on Piccadilly for long enough, you will definitely meet someone you know.

How to get there: Piccadilly Circus metro station

Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square in the center of London is one of the largest attractions not only in London but throughout Britain. 

A visit to the capital will be incomplete if you don’t see Nelson’s Column and take pictures with four giant lions at its base, admire the magnificent fountains, and feed the pigeons that feel at home in Trafalgar Square.

Built-in honor of Admiral Nelson, the square was named after the Spanish Cape Trafalgar, where the admiral won his last battle, Trafalgar.

The primary plan for the square was developed by the architect John Nash in the 1820s. And although the architect was not destined to see the result of his work, the neoclassical design created by him, to this day, pleases numerous tourists, harmoniously combining with the beautiful buildings on the square. Construction of Trafalgar Square began in 1829 and continued until the 1840s.

The National Gallery is located in the northern part of the square. On the stone slab under the balustrade, you will see the Imperial Length Standards (1 foot, 2 feet, 1 yard, etc.).

In the eastern part of the square is the South African House, with African animals carved into stone arches. The South African Embassy is now located here. Sir Robert Smirke, who designed the British Museum, also created Canada House, on the west side of the park. Canadian House is open to the public. Here you can admire the original classic interior and see one of the temporary exhibitions. 

The equestrian statue of Charles I on the south side of the square is the point from where all distances in London are measured. 

Several other statues surround Nelson’s Column. On both sides are bronze statues of Sir Henry Havelock and Sir Charles James Napier, Victorian generals. Opposite the north wall is busts of Beatty, Jellicoe, and Cunningham, famous military leaders. In the northeast corner, there is a statue of George IV on horseback, in the opposite corner the pedestal is still empty.

Every year in December, a huge Christmas tree is sent from Norway as a gift to the British, which is planted in Trafalgar Square. This is thanks to the British for their participation in the liberation of Norway during the Second World War. One of the unforgettable sights that await you in London is a huge fir tree, illuminated by hundreds of lights reflecting in the water of the fountain after sunset. This painting is featured on many of the Christmas cards that people send to each other every year.

Trafalgar Square has long been a venue for meetings, demonstrations, celebrations, and even concerts. This place is loved not only by tourists but also by Londoners themselves.

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace  is one of the landmarks of London, as well as the official London residence of the Queen of England.

Here the Queen receives state guests, and official ceremonies and events of the Royal Family take place here. 

The palace is located between Green Park, Hyde Park and St James’s Park, in central London. 

State Rooms, Ballrooms and Gardens The
19 state rooms, ballrooms and gardens are open to the public in August and September, while the Queen leaves for Balmoral on an annual visit.
In the state rooms, you can admire the real treasures of the royal family. It displays paintings and interesting French and English furniture.

Admission is paid and tickets are limited. Therefore, you need to book in advance.

Changing of the Guard

The changing of the guard takes place every day in summer at 11.30 and on some days in winter in the courtyard of the palace.
The ceremony lasts about 45 minutes and is free to watch.


Royal Gallery showcases some of the Royal Collection.

The items of the collection are in constant rotation, only a few of them are exhibited. Therefore, it is possible and necessary to visit the exposition more than once.


Royal Stables exhibit vehicles used by the royal family for official visits, coronations, or royal weddings.

The stables also keep horses that participate in royal ceremonies. Regardless of whether you get inside the palace itself, or just inspect it from the outside, or watch the solemn changing of the guard, Buckingham Palace is undoubtedly a must-see item in any tourist program.

Opening Hours of Buckingham Palace:
Buckingham Palace is open to the public from August 1 to September 25 from 09:45 – 18:30

Prices:
State Rooms, Buckingham Palace (including audio guide) 
Adult ticket – £ 17

Changing of the Guard – Free

Royal Mews
Adult ticket – £ 7.75

Royal Gallery
Adult ticket – £ 8.75

How to get to Buckingham Palace in London: The nearest tube stations are Green Park, Victoria, Hyde Park Corner, and St. James’s Park.

Contacts : Buckingham Palace, Buckingham Palace Rd, London SW1A 1AA, +44 (0) 20 7766 730,  www.royalcollection.org.uk

Big Ben

Big Ben (Big Ben) is a symbol of London, which is known all over the world, an attraction that is included in the mandatory program of any tourist. You can even read about Big Ben in English textbooks, and postcards and illustrations for websites dedicated to London are full of images of the Clock Tower on a beautiful building on the banks of the Thames.

Today, few people remember that Big Ben was originally the name of a large bell in a clock; this nickname is used both in relation to the clock and to the tower itself. It is difficult to consider this a mistake, the use of the name Big Ben is so widespread and widespread.

The London Tower is the third tallest clock tower in the world. Its height is 96 meters, and the clock is 55 meters above the ground.
Due to its size, the watch was once considered the largest in the world. The dial is 7 meters in diameter and the hands are 4.2 and 2.7 meters long.

The watch has already celebrated its 150th anniversary. They were launched in May 1859.

Today it is not known for certain where the name of the bell Big Ben (translated as Big Ben) originates from. According to one theory, it was named after Benjamin (abbreviated as Ben) Hall, who supervised the work on the bell, according to the second theory, the bell bears the name of Benjamin Count, a popular heavyweight boxer of those years.

The parliament building, which houses the world’s most popular clock, is the second building to be rebuilt on the site of the first one, which burned down in a fire in 1834. Built-in the neo-Gothic style, it looks unusually stately and harmoniously against the background of the river and attracts millions of tourists every year. However, only UK residents are allowed access to the clock tower, and only with a special permit, which must be requested in advance.

As a symbol of London, Big Ben is also synonymous with precision. The work of the mechanism is corrected, oddly enough, with a simple 1 penny coin, which can accelerate the movement of the pendulum by 0.4 seconds per day. At the top of the clock’s pendulum is a warehouse of such coins.

At the base of each dial, there is a Latin inscription, which literally means ” Oh God save our Queen Victoria “.
 
Big Ben is not only the most popular attraction in London, but it is also the record holder for the number of its appearances on TV screens. Every morning the British see the tower clock on the morning news. In all films, TV series, and even comics, Big Ben appears as a symbol of London. 

How to get there: Westminster tube station

Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is perhaps the most emblematic and famous landmark in London. Photos from Tower Bridge are in the album of everyone who has ever visited London. 

The bridge was built in 1894, and at the time of its construction was the most difficult drawbridge.

Today you can visit the exhibition, learn more about the history of the bridge and how it worked. You will be taken to the machine room, where steam engines once controlled the operation of the bridge, you will see films and materials telling about its history. If you are not afraid of heights, you can walk along the path at the top of the bridge, which offers wonderful views of some of London landmarks such as St Paul’s Cathedral (St Paul’s Cathedral), Ferris Wheel (The London Eye) and districts Canary Wharf (Canary Wharf ).

Even if you do not want to visit the exhibition, then you just need to come and admire Tower Bridge! After all, this is one of the most important symbols of London and just a beautiful place.

Tower Bridge Exhibition Hours :
April 1 – September 30: 10:00 – 18:30
October 1 – March 31: 09:30 – 18:00 
December 24, 25 and 26 Exhibition closed

Prices :

Adult ticket – £ 6.00
Child ticket (5-15) – £ 3.00
Students (with ID) – £ 4.50

How to get to Tower Bridge: Tower Hill MRT station (exiting the station, follow signs to get to the bridge)

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